Genealogy and Properties of the Descendants of Ocelotzin
Detail of Properties of Descendants of Quauhtliztactzin, Geneaología de Quauhtliztactzin, and Boundary Document, 16th cent
Black line drawing on amate paper. A land claim, likely from between 1580 and 1600. It includes a brief genealogical tree to establish rightful ownership, and then a pictorial description of the lands in question. The lower half of this document consists of representations of parcels of land, identified by alphabetic glosses and glyphs, references to houses, roads, toponymic glyphs, and other topographical details. Identified locations include Altzayancan, Xalaxco, and Tecopilco which are found in Tlaxcala. The upper right corner of the composition identifies individuals likely related to parcels below. The genealogical portion shows two houses: a larger one showing the figures of Ocelotzin, identified with a jaguar (ocelotl) head glyph and an alphabetic gloss and another individual identified by a red circle glyph and the alphabetic gloss Inchille, and a smaller house showing the figure of Quauhtliztactzin, identified by an eagle (cuauhtli) head glyph. Below this figure are Pedro Chichimecateuctli and Teohuaonohualli. These figures are connected by a drawing of a rope symbolizing descent. Lines extending from the image of Teohuaonohualli extend to circles glossed as dojuācarciya [presumably don Juan García] and diyecogarcia [Diego García]. To the right and unconnected to any of the others is a seated figure identified by a feline (mitzli) head glyph and the alphabetic gloss Mitzli. The reverse shows a house and a human figure without glosses or glyphs drawn in a similar style to these.
The lower portion of the document shows a pictoral description of lands in question, with locations identified by Nahuatl glyphs and/or alphabetic glosses. These locations include Axopilco, Altzayacan, Tecohuac [Tecóac], Totequiapan, Yecapayo, Sanc Saluatoltecopan [San Salvador Tecopan], Xalacho[?] Sanc diago [San Diego]. Two drawings of trees are glossed with partly legible terms quauhpiazt[?] and quamaco[?]. One of the alphabetic Nahuatl glosses, çohuapilla, may be a gloss of the human figure rather than a place name (zohua may be a variant of cihua 'woman' and pilla means 'noble'). Other names and phrases appearing in this section of the document are Alonso Tercato [Alonzo Delgado], Jhoā [Juan] Tecocoltzin, Diego Alce, don Pedro Chichimecateuctli, Jhoā [Juan] Garcia çohuacihuitzin tzatzaquala, and Gabriel Tlapiyal.
no attribution (artist), Stendahl Art Galleries (Former owner), and Huntington Art Galleries (Former owner)
Date Created/Date Issued:
Benson Latin American Collection, LLILAS Benson Latin American Studies and Collections, The University of Texas at Austin